Interim IPC Guidance for Care of Patients with Suspected/ Confirmed Ebola_ patient care_

Interim IPC Guidance for Care of Patients with Suspected/ Confirmed Ebola_ patient care_ 

Filovirus Haemorrhagic Fever that caused mainly now a days by Ebola Virus with mortality rate of (90%) as treatment is quite difficult even this virus can be prevented by applying proper preventive measure to avoid its spreading WHO published an interim IPC guidance for care of patients with suspected/ confirmed FHF during August 2014

Interim IPC Guidance for Care of Patients with Suspected/ Confirmed Ebola_ patient care_

Interim IPC Guidance for Care of Patients with Suspected/ Confirmed Ebola_ patient care_

 

GENERAL PATIENT CARE

Applying standard precautions when providing care to ALL patients regardless of the signs and symptoms they present with.

 

DIRECT PATIENT CARE

 

PATIENT, STAFF&VISITORS

 

Isolate suspected / confirmed cases in single isolation rooms with dedicated toilet.

 

In case of NOisolation rooms, cohort these patients in specific confined areas while keeping suspected / confirmed cases separate and ensure the items needed for isolation rooms are available.

Clinical / non-clinical staffs are assigned exclusively to HF patient care areas and not move freely between the HF isolation areas and other clinical areas during the outbreak.

 

Restrict non-essential staff from contacting HF patient.

 

Limit visitors to include only those necessary for the patient’s well-being and care, it is better to stop visitors.

 

HAND HYGIENE, PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) AND OTHER PRECAUTIONS

 

Make sure that all visitors are using PPE and performing hand hygiene prior to entry into the isolation room/area.

 

Ensure that all HCWs wear proper PPE according to the expected level of risk before entering the isolation rooms/areas and having contacts with the patients and/or the environment.

 

Personal clothing should not be worn for working in the patient areas. Scrub or medical suits should be used instead.

 

MANAGEMENT OF SHARPS AND INJECTION SAFETY

 

Each patient should have dedicated injection and parenteral medication equipment which should never be reused and disposed of at the point of care.

Needles and other sharp objects need to be limited as much as possible.

 

Limit the use of phlebotomy to the minimum necessary for essential diagnostic evaluation and patient care.

 

In case of using sharp objects is a must, follow the correct procedure:

  • Never change the cap on a used needle.

  • Never direct the sharp point of a used needle towards any part of your body.

  • Never remove the used needles from disposable syringes by your hand, and do not bend, break or otherwise manipulate used needles by hand.

  • Dispose syringes scalpel blades needles and other sharp objects in appropriate, puncture resistant containers.

 

Ensure that puncture-resistant containers for sharps objects are placed as close as possible to the immediate area where the objects are being used (‘point of use’) to limit the distance between use and disposal, and make sure that the containers remain upright all the times. Never carry sharps in your hand but place them all in a kidney dish or similar to carry to the sharps container.

 

Make sure that the puncture-resistant containers are sealed securely with a lid and replaced when 3/4 full.

 

Make sure that the containers are placed in an area that is not easily accessible by visitors, particularly children.

 

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