Infection Prevention for seasonal influenza

Infection Prevention for seasonal influenza

Healthcare settings:

IMMUNIZATION OF HEALTHCARE WORKERS:

Annual influenza vaccination is to all health care workers against seasonal influenza.

MINIMIZE EXPOSURES:

●Triaging of symptomatic patients

●Implementation of cough etiquette, HH and respiratory hygiene

Infection Prevention for seasonal influenza

Infection Prevention for seasonal influenza

 

ISOLATION PRECAUTIONS:

Standard precautions:

Standard precautions should be used by all HCWs in the healthcare setting while dealing with all patients

Hand hygiene

Gloves

Gowns

Environmental surface cleaning

Droplet precautions:

Droplet precautions for the care of patients with either suspected or confirmed influenza infection

●Patients should be admitted in a private room.

●HCWs should wear a face mask when entering the patient’s room. When leaving the patient’s room, HCWs should remove the face mask, dispose of it, and then perform hand hygiene.

●Hospitalized patients should wear a surgical mask when they leave their room, and should use cough etiquette, hand hygiene and respiratory hygiene.

 

Immunocompetent inpatients with suspected or confirmed influenza infection, droplet precautions should generally be continued for seven days following sickness attack or till 24 hours after resolution of fever and all other symptoms, whichever is longer

Aerosol-generating procedures

During aerosol-generating procedures, additional measures should be taken such as conducting procedures in an airborne infection isolation room when feasible, wearing respirator (e.g. N95) and limiting the number of healthcare personnel present during the procedure

MANAGING VISITOR ACCESS

●Clear education to the patient should be delivered before visitors enter the patient’s room on hand hygiene, limiting surface touches, and use of personal protective equipment as indicated.

●No visitors should be present during the procedures.

●Visitors should be asked to limit their movement within the facility.

MANAGING HEALTHCARE WORKERS

Ill healthcare workers — HCWs with fever and respiratory symptoms should:

● Restriction from work, or if already at work, should stop patient-care activities, wear a face mask, also immediately report their supervisor and infection control

●Be reminded that adherence to respiratory hygiene, cough etiquette, and hand hygiene is important

●Wear a face mask after returning to work during patient care activities if symptoms such as coughing and sneezing are still present

●Not report to the work until at least 24 hours following fever has abated (with no use of antipyretics)

●Be evaluated by occupational health before returning to work if respiratory symptoms remain present

 

Outpatient settings:

Individuals with influenza who are managed as outpatients should be advised to remain at home avoid work, school, and other populated environments until influenza signs and symptoms have abated. Infection control measures at home may be beneficial.

Combination of hand hygiene and face masks, when applied within 36 hours of symptom in the first patient will prevents the home transmission of seasonal influenza

 

Reference

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