Management of PTB inside Operative Theater
It was estimated that about one third of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis (TB) bacteria (Almost 1.7 billion people), only small proportion of those infected peoples will become sick with TB. People with weakened immune systems have a much higher risk of acquiring infection and being diseased from a TB case. A person lived with HIV is about 20 to 30 times more likely to develop active TB.
Treatment is achievable but if no treatment patient many die an estimation mortality rate of 3 million people per year and this represents more than a quarter of the world’s preventable deaths so it can be considered as the leading fatal infectious disease , it kills more people more than AIDS, malaria, and other tropical diseases combined annually.
Surveillance Of Nosocomial infections
Health care associated or hospital-acquired infection (HAI) (nosocomial infections) can be defined as:
Infection acquired during hospitalization; not present or incubating at the time of admission to hospital (i.e. occurs at least 48 hours after admission).
Determinants adding to increase the incidence of infection transmission at healthcare facilities
Infection Control features for H7N9 Virus
When allotting with a established claim infected with Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus or query cases (under investigation ) we have to keep in mind four issues :
- Lack of a safe and effective vaccine
- A suspicious high incidence of morbidity and mortality between infected patients
- Unknown possible for human to human transmission
- No boarders any more between countries and disease can cross many countries very fast (Pandemic)